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authorSergiu Iordache <sergiu@chromium.org>2011-08-13 12:34:56 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2011-08-13 18:34:03 -0700
commit4126dacb5b2ca85b187a27b93805254567526dc8 (patch)
tree74e37710c4e44b4348569032bc8968a93b715eb3 /Documentation/ramoops.txt
parent6989b5bb2f0302d824bfc5a9272e17eef22353cc (diff)
downloadkernel-4126dacb5b2ca85b187a27b93805254567526dc8.tar.gz
Documentation: add Ramoops usage description
Add a documentation file describing the usage of Ramoops Signed-off-by: Sergiu Iordache <sergiu@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
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+Ramoops oops/panic logger
+=========================
+
+Sergiu Iordache <sergiu@chromium.org>
+
+Updated: 8 August 2011
+
+0. Introduction
+
+Ramoops is an oops/panic logger that writes its logs to RAM before the system
+crashes. It works by logging oopses and panics in a circular buffer. Ramoops
+needs a system with persistent RAM so that the content of that area can
+survive after a restart.
+
+1. Ramoops concepts
+
+Ramoops uses a predefined memory area to store the dump. The start and size of
+the memory area are set using two variables:
+ * "mem_address" for the start
+ * "mem_size" for the size. The memory size will be rounded down to a
+ power of two.
+
+The memory area is divided into "record_size" chunks (also rounded down to
+power of two) and each oops/panic writes a "record_size" chunk of
+information.
+
+Dumping both oopses and panics can be done by setting 1 in the "dump_oops"
+variable while setting 0 in that variable dumps only the panics.
+
+The module uses a counter to record multiple dumps but the counter gets reset
+on restart (i.e. new dumps after the restart will overwrite old ones).
+
+2. Setting the parameters
+
+Setting the ramoops parameters can be done in 2 different manners:
+ 1. Use the module parameters (which have the names of the variables described
+ as before).
+ 2. Use a platform device and set the platform data. The parameters can then
+ be set through that platform data. An example of doing that is:
+
+#include <linux/ramoops.h>
+[...]
+
+static struct ramoops_platform_data ramoops_data = {
+ .mem_size = <...>,
+ .mem_address = <...>,
+ .record_size = <...>,
+ .dump_oops = <...>,
+};
+
+static struct platform_device ramoops_dev = {
+ .name = "ramoops",
+ .dev = {
+ .platform_data = &ramoops_data,
+ },
+};
+
+[... inside a function ...]
+int ret;
+
+ret = platform_device_register(&ramoops_dev);
+if (ret) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "unable to register platform device\n");
+ return ret;
+}
+
+3. Dump format
+
+The data dump begins with a header, currently defined as "====" followed by a
+timestamp and a new line. The dump then continues with the actual data.
+
+4. Reading the data
+
+The dump data can be read from memory (through /dev/mem or other means).
+Getting the module parameters, which are needed in order to parse the data, can
+be done through /sys/module/ramoops/parameters/* .