path: root/Documentation/module-signing.txt
diff options
authorMathieu Desnoyers <>2014-03-13 12:11:30 +1030
committerRusty Russell <>2014-03-13 12:11:51 +1030
commit66cc69e34e86a231fbe68d8918c6119e3b7549a3 (patch)
treec1ea795511e9ed8ab83fda895f0151000b166629 /Documentation/module-signing.txt
parentcff26a51da5d206d3baf871e75778da44710219d (diff)
Fix: module signature vs tracepoints: add new TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE
Users have reported being unable to trace non-signed modules loaded within a kernel supporting module signature. This is caused by tracepoint.c:tracepoint_module_coming() refusing to take into account tracepoints sitting within force-loaded modules (TAINT_FORCED_MODULE). The reason for this check, in the first place, is that a force-loaded module may have a struct module incompatible with the layout expected by the kernel, and can thus cause a kernel crash upon forced load of that module on a kernel with CONFIG_TRACEPOINTS=y. Tracepoints, however, specifically accept TAINT_OOT_MODULE and TAINT_CRAP, since those modules do not lead to the "very likely system crash" issue cited above for force-loaded modules. With kernels having CONFIG_MODULE_SIG=y (signed modules), a non-signed module is tainted re-using the TAINT_FORCED_MODULE taint flag. Unfortunately, this means that Tracepoints treat that module as a force-loaded module, and thus silently refuse to consider any tracepoint within this module. Since an unsigned module does not fit within the "very likely system crash" category of tainting, add a new TAINT_UNSIGNED_MODULE taint flag to specifically address this taint behavior, and accept those modules within Tracepoints. We use the letter 'X' as a taint flag character for a module being loaded that doesn't know how to sign its name (proposed by Steven Rostedt). Also add the missing 'O' entry to trace event show_module_flags() list for the sake of completeness. Signed-off-by: Mathieu Desnoyers <> Acked-by: Steven Rostedt <> NAKed-by: Ingo Molnar <> CC: Thomas Gleixner <> CC: David Howells <> CC: Greg Kroah-Hartman <> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/module-signing.txt')
1 files changed, 2 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/module-signing.txt b/Documentation/module-signing.txt
index 2b40e04d3c49..b6af42e4d790 100644
--- a/Documentation/module-signing.txt
+++ b/Documentation/module-signing.txt
@@ -53,7 +53,8 @@ This has a number of options available:
If this is off (ie. "permissive"), then modules for which the key is not
available and modules that are unsigned are permitted, but the kernel will
- be marked as being tainted.
+ be marked as being tainted, and the concerned modules will be marked as
+ tainted, shown with the character 'X'.
If this is on (ie. "restrictive"), only modules that have a valid
signature that can be verified by a public key in the kernel's possession