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authorViresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>2014-06-02 22:49:28 +0530
committerRafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>2014-06-05 23:32:29 +0200
commit1c03a2d04d7ab6d27c1fef8614f08187d974bd21 (patch)
tree3d0ad7be510d75f6b3a9caa91d027e4e31e35300 /Documentation/cpu-freq
parent5ece2399181a5abaf42a4cb607463770686778e6 (diff)
downloadkernel-1c03a2d04d7ab6d27c1fef8614f08187d974bd21.tar.gz
cpufreq: add support for intermediate (stable) frequencies
Douglas Anderson, recently pointed out an interesting problem due to which udelay() was expiring earlier than it should. While transitioning between frequencies few platforms may temporarily switch to a stable frequency, waiting for the main PLL to stabilize. For example: When we transition between very low frequencies on exynos, like between 200MHz and 300MHz, we may temporarily switch to a PLL running at 800MHz. No CPUFREQ notification is sent for that. That means there's a period of time when we're running at 800MHz but loops_per_jiffy is calibrated at between 200MHz and 300MHz. And so udelay behaves badly. To get this fixed in a generic way, introduce another set of callbacks get_intermediate() and target_intermediate(), only for drivers with target_index() and CPUFREQ_ASYNC_NOTIFICATION unset. get_intermediate() should return a stable intermediate frequency platform wants to switch to, and target_intermediate() should set CPU to that frequency, before jumping to the frequency corresponding to 'index'. Core will take care of sending notifications and driver doesn't have to handle them in target_intermediate() or target_index(). NOTE: ->target_index() should restore to policy->restore_freq in case of failures as core would send notifications for that. Tested-by: Stephen Warren <swarren@nvidia.com> Signed-off-by: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org> Reviewed-by: Doug Anderson <dianders@chromium.org> Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation/cpu-freq')
-rw-r--r--Documentation/cpu-freq/cpu-drivers.txt29
1 files changed, 27 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/cpu-freq/cpu-drivers.txt b/Documentation/cpu-freq/cpu-drivers.txt
index b045fe54986a..14f4e6336d88 100644
--- a/Documentation/cpu-freq/cpu-drivers.txt
+++ b/Documentation/cpu-freq/cpu-drivers.txt
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@ Contents:
1.4 target/target_index or setpolicy?
1.5 target/target_index
1.6 setpolicy
+1.7 get_intermediate and target_intermediate
2. Frequency Table Helpers
@@ -79,6 +80,10 @@ cpufreq_driver.attr - A pointer to a NULL-terminated list of
"struct freq_attr" which allow to
export values to sysfs.
+cpufreq_driver.get_intermediate
+and target_intermediate Used to switch to stable frequency while
+ changing CPU frequency.
+
1.2 Per-CPU Initialization
--------------------------
@@ -151,7 +156,7 @@ Some cpufreq-capable processors switch the frequency between certain
limits on their own. These shall use the ->setpolicy call
-1.4. target/target_index
+1.5. target/target_index
-------------
The target_index call has two arguments: struct cpufreq_policy *policy,
@@ -160,6 +165,9 @@ and unsigned int index (into the exposed frequency table).
The CPUfreq driver must set the new frequency when called here. The
actual frequency must be determined by freq_table[index].frequency.
+It should always restore to earlier frequency (i.e. policy->restore_freq) in
+case of errors, even if we switched to intermediate frequency earlier.
+
Deprecated:
----------
The target call has three arguments: struct cpufreq_policy *policy,
@@ -179,7 +187,7 @@ Here again the frequency table helper might assist you - see section 2
for details.
-1.5 setpolicy
+1.6 setpolicy
---------------
The setpolicy call only takes a struct cpufreq_policy *policy as
@@ -190,6 +198,23 @@ setting when policy->policy is CPUFREQ_POLICY_PERFORMANCE, and a
powersaving-oriented setting when CPUFREQ_POLICY_POWERSAVE. Also check
the reference implementation in drivers/cpufreq/longrun.c
+1.7 get_intermediate and target_intermediate
+--------------------------------------------
+
+Only for drivers with target_index() and CPUFREQ_ASYNC_NOTIFICATION unset.
+
+get_intermediate should return a stable intermediate frequency platform wants to
+switch to, and target_intermediate() should set CPU to to that frequency, before
+jumping to the frequency corresponding to 'index'. Core will take care of
+sending notifications and driver doesn't have to handle them in
+target_intermediate() or target_index().
+
+Drivers can return '0' from get_intermediate() in case they don't wish to switch
+to intermediate frequency for some target frequency. In that case core will
+directly call ->target_index().
+
+NOTE: ->target_index() should restore to policy->restore_freq in case of
+failures as core would send notifications for that.
2. Frequency Table Helpers