path: root/Documentation/acpi
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authorZhang Rui <>2009-12-02 13:31:00 +0800
committerLen Brown <>2009-12-11 01:50:08 -0500
commita1a541d86f50a9957beeedb122a035870d602647 (patch)
treebc3bd16c6d1bbb8c1fcc561a436b2c322ec098d4 /Documentation/acpi
parent22763c5cf3690a681551162c15d34d935308c8d7 (diff)
ACPI: support customizing ACPI control methods at runtime
Introduce a new debugfs I/F (/sys/kernel/debug/acpi/custom_method) for ACPI, which can be used to customize the ACPI control methods at runtime. We can use this to debug the AML code level bugs instead of overriding the whole DSDT table, without rebuilding/rebooting kernel any more. Detailed description about how to use this debugfs I/F is stated in Documentation/acpi/method-customizing.txt Signed-off-by: Zhang Rui <> Signed-off-by: Len Brown <>
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+Linux ACPI Custom Control Method How To
+Written by Zhang Rui <>
+Linux supports customizing ACPI control methods at runtime.
+Users can use this to
+1. override an existing method which may not work correctly,
+ or just for debugging purposes.
+2. insert a completely new method in order to create a missing
+ method such as _OFF, _ON, _STA, _INI, etc.
+For these cases, it is far simpler to dynamically install a single
+control method rather than override the entire DSDT, because kernel
+rebuild/reboot is not needed and test result can be got in minutes.
+Note: Only ACPI METHOD can be overridden, any other object types like
+ "Device", "OperationRegion", are not recognized.
+Note: The same ACPI control method can be overridden for many times,
+ and it's always the latest one that used by Linux/kernel.
+1. override an existing method
+ a) get the ACPI table via ACPI sysfs I/F. e.g. to get the DSDT,
+ just run "cat /sys/firmware/acpi/tables/DSDT > /tmp/dsdt.dat"
+ b) disassemble the table by running "iasl -d dsdt.dat".
+ c) rewrite the ASL code of the method and save it in a new file,
+ d) package the new file (psr.asl) to an ACPI table format.
+ Here is an example of a customized \_SB._AC._PSR method,
+ DefinitionBlock ("", "SSDT", 1, "", "", 0x20080715)
+ {
+ External (ACON)
+ Method (\_SB_.AC._PSR, 0, NotSerialized)
+ {
+ Store ("In AC _PSR", Debug)
+ Return (ACON)
+ }
+ }
+ Note that the full pathname of the method in ACPI namespace
+ should be used.
+ And remember to use "External" to declare external objects.
+ e) assemble the file to generate the AML code of the method.
+ e.g. "iasl psr.asl" (psr.aml is generated as a result)
+ f) mount debugfs by "mount -t debugfs none /sys/kernel/debug"
+ g) override the old method via the debugfs by running
+ "cat /tmp/psr.aml > /sys/kernel/debug/acpi/custom_method"
+2. insert a new method
+ This is easier than overriding an existing method.
+ We just need to create the ASL code of the method we want to
+ insert and then follow the step c) ~ g) in section 1.
+3. undo your changes
+ The "undo" operation is not supported for a new inserted method
+ right now, i.e. we can not remove a method currently.
+ For an overrided method, in order to undo your changes, please
+ save a copy of the method original ASL code in step c) section 1,
+ and redo step c) ~ g) to override the method with the original one.
+Note: We can use a kernel with multiple custom ACPI method running,
+ But each individual write to debugfs can implement a SINGLE
+ method override. i.e. if we want to insert/override multiple
+ ACPI methods, we need to redo step c) ~ g) for multiple times.