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path: root/drivers/cpufreq/sa1110-cpufreq.c
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/*
 *  linux/arch/arm/mach-sa1100/cpu-sa1110.c
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2001 Russell King
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * Note: there are two erratas that apply to the SA1110 here:
 *  7 - SDRAM auto-power-up failure (rev A0)
 * 13 - Corruption of internal register reads/writes following
 *      SDRAM reads (rev A0, B0, B1)
 *
 * We ignore rev. A0 and B0 devices; I don't think they're worth supporting.
 *
 * The SDRAM type can be passed on the command line as cpu_sa1110.sdram=type
 */
#include <linux/cpufreq.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/types.h>

#include <asm/cputype.h>
#include <asm/mach-types.h>

#include <mach/generic.h>
#include <mach/hardware.h>

#undef DEBUG

struct sdram_params {
	const char name[20];
	u_char  rows;		/* bits				 */
	u_char  cas_latency;	/* cycles			 */
	u_char  tck;		/* clock cycle time (ns)	 */
	u_char  trcd;		/* activate to r/w (ns)		 */
	u_char  trp;		/* precharge to activate (ns)	 */
	u_char  twr;		/* write recovery time (ns)	 */
	u_short refresh;	/* refresh time for array (us)	 */
};

struct sdram_info {
	u_int	mdcnfg;
	u_int	mdrefr;
	u_int	mdcas[3];
};

static struct sdram_params sdram_tbl[] __initdata = {
	{	/* Toshiba TC59SM716 CL2 */
		.name		= "TC59SM716-CL2",
		.rows		= 12,
		.tck		= 10,
		.trcd		= 20,
		.trp		= 20,
		.twr		= 10,
		.refresh	= 64000,
		.cas_latency	= 2,
	}, {	/* Toshiba TC59SM716 CL3 */
		.name		= "TC59SM716-CL3",
		.rows		= 12,
		.tck		= 8,
		.trcd		= 20,
		.trp		= 20,
		.twr		= 8,
		.refresh	= 64000,
		.cas_latency	= 3,
	}, {	/* Samsung K4S641632D TC75 */
		.name		= "K4S641632D",
		.rows		= 14,
		.tck		= 9,
		.trcd		= 27,
		.trp		= 20,
		.twr		= 9,
		.refresh	= 64000,
		.cas_latency	= 3,
	}, {	/* Samsung K4S281632B-1H */
		.name           = "K4S281632B-1H",
		.rows		= 12,
		.tck		= 10,
		.trp		= 20,
		.twr		= 10,
		.refresh	= 64000,
		.cas_latency	= 3,
	}, {	/* Samsung KM416S4030CT */
		.name		= "KM416S4030CT",
		.rows		= 13,
		.tck		= 8,
		.trcd		= 24,	/* 3 CLKs */
		.trp		= 24,	/* 3 CLKs */
		.twr		= 16,	/* Trdl: 2 CLKs */
		.refresh	= 64000,
		.cas_latency	= 3,
	}, {	/* Winbond W982516AH75L CL3 */
		.name		= "W982516AH75L",
		.rows		= 16,
		.tck		= 8,
		.trcd		= 20,
		.trp		= 20,
		.twr		= 8,
		.refresh	= 64000,
		.cas_latency	= 3,
	}, {	/* Micron MT48LC8M16A2TG-75 */
		.name		= "MT48LC8M16A2TG-75",
		.rows		= 12,
		.tck		= 8,
		.trcd		= 20,
		.trp		= 20,
		.twr		= 8,
		.refresh	= 64000,
		.cas_latency	= 3,
	},
};

static struct sdram_params sdram_params;

/*
 * Given a period in ns and frequency in khz, calculate the number of
 * cycles of frequency in period.  Note that we round up to the next
 * cycle, even if we are only slightly over.
 */
static inline u_int ns_to_cycles(u_int ns, u_int khz)
{
	return (ns * khz + 999999) / 1000000;
}

/*
 * Create the MDCAS register bit pattern.
 */
static inline void set_mdcas(u_int *mdcas, int delayed, u_int rcd)
{
	u_int shift;

	rcd = 2 * rcd - 1;
	shift = delayed + 1 + rcd;

	mdcas[0]  = (1 << rcd) - 1;
	mdcas[0] |= 0x55555555 << shift;
	mdcas[1]  = mdcas[2] = 0x55555555 << (shift & 1);
}

static void
sdram_calculate_timing(struct sdram_info *sd, u_int cpu_khz,
		       struct sdram_params *sdram)
{
	u_int mem_khz, sd_khz, trp, twr;

	mem_khz = cpu_khz / 2;
	sd_khz = mem_khz;

	/*
	 * If SDCLK would invalidate the SDRAM timings,
	 * run SDCLK at half speed.
	 *
	 * CPU steppings prior to B2 must either run the memory at
	 * half speed or use delayed read latching (errata 13).
	 */
	if ((ns_to_cycles(sdram->tck, sd_khz) > 1) ||
	    (CPU_REVISION < CPU_SA1110_B2 && sd_khz < 62000))
		sd_khz /= 2;

	sd->mdcnfg = MDCNFG & 0x007f007f;

	twr = ns_to_cycles(sdram->twr, mem_khz);

	/* trp should always be >1 */
	trp = ns_to_cycles(sdram->trp, mem_khz) - 1;
	if (trp < 1)
		trp = 1;

	sd->mdcnfg |= trp << 8;
	sd->mdcnfg |= trp << 24;
	sd->mdcnfg |= sdram->cas_latency << 12;
	sd->mdcnfg |= sdram->cas_latency << 28;
	sd->mdcnfg |= twr << 14;
	sd->mdcnfg |= twr << 30;

	sd->mdrefr = MDREFR & 0xffbffff0;
	sd->mdrefr |= 7;

	if (sd_khz != mem_khz)
		sd->mdrefr |= MDREFR_K1DB2;

	/* initial number of '1's in MDCAS + 1 */
	set_mdcas(sd->mdcas, sd_khz >= 62000,
		ns_to_cycles(sdram->trcd, mem_khz));

#ifdef DEBUG
	printk(KERN_DEBUG "MDCNFG: %08x MDREFR: %08x MDCAS0: %08x MDCAS1: %08x MDCAS2: %08x\n",
		sd->mdcnfg, sd->mdrefr, sd->mdcas[0], sd->mdcas[1],
		sd->mdcas[2]);
#endif
}

/*
 * Set the SDRAM refresh rate.
 */
static inline void sdram_set_refresh(u_int dri)
{
	MDREFR = (MDREFR & 0xffff000f) | (dri << 4);
	(void) MDREFR;
}

/*
 * Update the refresh period.  We do this such that we always refresh
 * the SDRAMs within their permissible period.  The refresh period is
 * always a multiple of the memory clock (fixed at cpu_clock / 2).
 *
 * FIXME: we don't currently take account of burst accesses here,
 * but neither do Intels DM nor Angel.
 */
static void
sdram_update_refresh(u_int cpu_khz, struct sdram_params *sdram)
{
	u_int ns_row = (sdram->refresh * 1000) >> sdram->rows;
	u_int dri = ns_to_cycles(ns_row, cpu_khz / 2) / 32;

#ifdef DEBUG
	mdelay(250);
	printk(KERN_DEBUG "new dri value = %d\n", dri);
#endif

	sdram_set_refresh(dri);
}

/*
 * Ok, set the CPU frequency.
 */
static int sa1110_target(struct cpufreq_policy *policy, unsigned int ppcr)
{
	struct sdram_params *sdram = &sdram_params;
	struct cpufreq_freqs freqs;
	struct sdram_info sd;
	unsigned long flags;
	unsigned int unused;

	freqs.old = sa11x0_getspeed(0);
	freqs.new = sa11x0_freq_table[ppcr].frequency;

	sdram_calculate_timing(&sd, freqs.new, sdram);

#if 0
	/*
	 * These values are wrong according to the SA1110 documentation
	 * and errata, but they seem to work.  Need to get a storage
	 * scope on to the SDRAM signals to work out why.
	 */
	if (policy->max < 147500) {
		sd.mdrefr |= MDREFR_K1DB2;
		sd.mdcas[0] = 0xaaaaaa7f;
	} else {
		sd.mdrefr &= ~MDREFR_K1DB2;
		sd.mdcas[0] = 0xaaaaaa9f;
	}
	sd.mdcas[1] = 0xaaaaaaaa;
	sd.mdcas[2] = 0xaaaaaaaa;
#endif

	cpufreq_notify_transition(policy, &freqs, CPUFREQ_PRECHANGE);

	/*
	 * The clock could be going away for some time.  Set the SDRAMs
	 * to refresh rapidly (every 64 memory clock cycles).  To get
	 * through the whole array, we need to wait 262144 mclk cycles.
	 * We wait 20ms to be safe.
	 */
	sdram_set_refresh(2);
	if (!irqs_disabled())
		msleep(20);
	else
		mdelay(20);

	/*
	 * Reprogram the DRAM timings with interrupts disabled, and
	 * ensure that we are doing this within a complete cache line.
	 * This means that we won't access SDRAM for the duration of
	 * the programming.
	 */
	local_irq_save(flags);
	asm("mcr p15, 0, %0, c7, c10, 4" : : "r" (0));
	udelay(10);
	__asm__ __volatile__("\n\
		b	2f					\n\
		.align	5					\n\
1:		str	%3, [%1, #0]		@ MDCNFG	\n\
		str	%4, [%1, #28]		@ MDREFR	\n\
		str	%5, [%1, #4]		@ MDCAS0	\n\
		str	%6, [%1, #8]		@ MDCAS1	\n\
		str	%7, [%1, #12]		@ MDCAS2	\n\
		str	%8, [%2, #0]		@ PPCR		\n\
		ldr	%0, [%1, #0]				\n\
		b	3f					\n\
2:		b	1b					\n\
3:		nop						\n\
		nop"
		: "=&r" (unused)
		: "r" (&MDCNFG), "r" (&PPCR), "0" (sd.mdcnfg),
		  "r" (sd.mdrefr), "r" (sd.mdcas[0]),
		  "r" (sd.mdcas[1]), "r" (sd.mdcas[2]), "r" (ppcr));
	local_irq_restore(flags);

	/*
	 * Now, return the SDRAM refresh back to normal.
	 */
	sdram_update_refresh(freqs.new, sdram);

	cpufreq_notify_transition(policy, &freqs, CPUFREQ_POSTCHANGE);

	return 0;
}

static int __init sa1110_cpu_init(struct cpufreq_policy *policy)
{
	return cpufreq_generic_init(policy, sa11x0_freq_table, CPUFREQ_ETERNAL);
}

/* sa1110_driver needs __refdata because it must remain after init registers
 * it with cpufreq_register_driver() */
static struct cpufreq_driver sa1110_driver __refdata = {
	.flags		= CPUFREQ_STICKY,
	.verify		= cpufreq_generic_frequency_table_verify,
	.target_index	= sa1110_target,
	.get		= sa11x0_getspeed,
	.init		= sa1110_cpu_init,
	.name		= "sa1110",
};

static struct sdram_params *sa1110_find_sdram(const char *name)
{
	struct sdram_params *sdram;

	for (sdram = sdram_tbl; sdram < sdram_tbl + ARRAY_SIZE(sdram_tbl);
	     sdram++)
		if (strcmp(name, sdram->name) == 0)
			return sdram;

	return NULL;
}

static char sdram_name[16];

static int __init sa1110_clk_init(void)
{
	struct sdram_params *sdram;
	const char *name = sdram_name;

	if (!cpu_is_sa1110())
		return -ENODEV;

	if (!name[0]) {
		if (machine_is_assabet())
			name = "TC59SM716-CL3";
		if (machine_is_pt_system3())
			name = "K4S641632D";
		if (machine_is_h3100())
			name = "KM416S4030CT";
		if (machine_is_jornada720())
			name = "K4S281632B-1H";
		if (machine_is_nanoengine())
			name = "MT48LC8M16A2TG-75";
	}

	sdram = sa1110_find_sdram(name);
	if (sdram) {
		printk(KERN_DEBUG "SDRAM: tck: %d trcd: %d trp: %d"
			" twr: %d refresh: %d cas_latency: %d\n",
			sdram->tck, sdram->trcd, sdram->trp,
			sdram->twr, sdram->refresh, sdram->cas_latency);

		memcpy(&sdram_params, sdram, sizeof(sdram_params));

		return cpufreq_register_driver(&sa1110_driver);
	}

	return 0;
}

module_param_string(sdram, sdram_name, sizeof(sdram_name), 0);
arch_initcall(sa1110_clk_init);