aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorStephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>2016-08-24 22:29:19 +1000
committerMichal Marek <mmarek@suse.com>2016-09-09 10:31:19 +0200
commita5967db9af51a84f5e181600954714a9e4c69f1f (patch)
treeea473cc710f1d50d1d22e079caadbe541d439308 /scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
parent5c6f3225d00d06b2ca91c74644a7bfcfe826a935 (diff)
downloadleg-kernel-a5967db9af51a84f5e181600954714a9e4c69f1f.tar.gz
kbuild: allow architectures to use thin archives instead of ld -r
ld -r is an incremental link used to create built-in.o files in build subdirectories. It produces relocatable object files containing all its input files, and these are are then pulled together and relocated in the final link. Aside from the bloat, this constrains the final link relocations, which has bitten large powerpc builds with unresolvable relocations in the final link. Alan Modra has recommended the kernel use thin archives for linking. This is an alternative and means that the linker has more information available to it when it links the kernel. This patch enables a config option architectures can select, which causes all built-in.o files to be built as thin archives. built-in.o files in subdirectories do not get symbol table or index attached, which improves speed and size. The final link pass creates a built-in.o archive in the root output directory which includes the symbol table and index. The linker then uses takes this file to link. The --whole-archive linker option is required, because the linker now has visibility to every individual object file, and it will otherwise just completely avoid including those without external references (consider a file with EXPORT_SYMBOL or initcall or hardware exceptions as its only entry points). The traditional built works "by luck" as built-in.o files are large enough that they're going to get external references. However this optimisation is unpredictable for the kernel (due to above external references), ineffective at culling unused, and costly because the .o files have to be searched for references. Superior alternatives for link-time culling should be used instead. Build characteristics for inclink vs thinarc, on a small powerpc64le pseries VM with a modest .config: inclink thinarc sizes vmlinux 15 618 680 15 625 028 sum of all built-in.o 56 091 808 1 054 334 sum excluding root built-in.o 151 430 find -name built-in.o | xargs rm ; time make vmlinux real 22.772s 21.143s user 13.280s 13.430s sys 4.310s 2.750s - Final kernel pulled in only about 6K more, which shows how ineffective the object file culling is. - Build performance looks improved due to less pagecache activity. On IO constrained systems it could be a bigger win. - Build size saving is significant. Side note, the toochain understands archives, so there's some tricks, $ ar t built-in.o # list all files you linked with $ size built-in.o # and their sizes $ objdump -d built-in.o # disassembly (unrelocated) with filenames Implementation by sfr, minor tweaks by npiggin. Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Michal Marek <mmarek@suse.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'scripts/link-vmlinux.sh')
-rwxr-xr-xscripts/link-vmlinux.sh71
1 files changed, 60 insertions, 11 deletions
diff --git a/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh b/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
index 4f727eb5ec43..f742c65108b9 100755
--- a/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
+++ b/scripts/link-vmlinux.sh
@@ -37,12 +37,40 @@ info()
fi
}
+# Thin archive build here makes a final archive with
+# symbol table and indexes from vmlinux objects, which can be
+# used as input to linker.
+#
+# Traditional incremental style of link does not require this step
+#
+# built-in.o output file
+#
+archive_builtin()
+{
+ if [ -n "${CONFIG_THIN_ARCHIVES}" ]; then
+ info AR built-in.o
+ rm -f built-in.o;
+ ${AR} rcsT${KBUILD_ARFLAGS} built-in.o \
+ ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT} \
+ ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN}
+ fi
+}
+
# Link of vmlinux.o used for section mismatch analysis
# ${1} output file
modpost_link()
{
- ${LD} ${LDFLAGS} -r -o ${1} ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT} \
- --start-group ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN} --end-group
+ local objects
+
+ if [ -n "${CONFIG_THIN_ARCHIVES}" ]; then
+ objects="--whole-archive built-in.o"
+ else
+ objects="${KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT} \
+ --start-group \
+ ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN} \
+ --end-group"
+ fi
+ ${LD} ${LDFLAGS} -r -o ${1} ${objects}
}
# Link of vmlinux
@@ -51,18 +79,36 @@ modpost_link()
vmlinux_link()
{
local lds="${objtree}/${KBUILD_LDS}"
+ local objects
if [ "${SRCARCH}" != "um" ]; then
- ${LD} ${LDFLAGS} ${LDFLAGS_vmlinux} -o ${2} \
- -T ${lds} ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT} \
- --start-group ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN} --end-group ${1}
+ if [ -n "${CONFIG_THIN_ARCHIVES}" ]; then
+ objects="--whole-archive built-in.o ${1}"
+ else
+ objects="${KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT} \
+ --start-group \
+ ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN} \
+ --end-group \
+ ${1}"
+ fi
+
+ ${LD} ${LDFLAGS} ${LDFLAGS_vmlinux} -o ${2} \
+ -T ${lds} ${objects}
else
- ${CC} ${CFLAGS_vmlinux} -o ${2} \
- -Wl,-T,${lds} ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT} \
- -Wl,--start-group \
- ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN} \
- -Wl,--end-group \
- -lutil -lrt -lpthread ${1}
+ if [ -n "${CONFIG_THIN_ARCHIVES}" ]; then
+ objects="-Wl,--whole-archive built-in.o ${1}"
+ else
+ objects="${KBUILD_VMLINUX_INIT} \
+ -Wl,--start-group \
+ ${KBUILD_VMLINUX_MAIN} \
+ -Wl,--end-group \
+ ${1}"
+ fi
+
+ ${CC} ${CFLAGS_vmlinux} -o ${2} \
+ -Wl,-T,${lds} \
+ ${objects} \
+ -lutil -lrt -lpthread
rm -f linux
fi
}
@@ -119,6 +165,7 @@ cleanup()
rm -f .tmp_kallsyms*
rm -f .tmp_version
rm -f .tmp_vmlinux*
+ rm -f built-in.o
rm -f System.map
rm -f vmlinux
rm -f vmlinux.o
@@ -162,6 +209,8 @@ case "${KCONFIG_CONFIG}" in
. "./${KCONFIG_CONFIG}"
esac
+archive_builtin
+
#link vmlinux.o
info LD vmlinux.o
modpost_link vmlinux.o