aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiff
path: root/ipc
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorHerton R. Krzesinski <herton@redhat.com>2015-08-14 15:35:02 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-08-14 15:56:32 -0700
commit602b8593d2b4138c10e922eeaafe306f6b51817b (patch)
tree689c7e1ea1b1a3aff19a92dde8740761a29c94f5 /ipc
parent036138080a4376e5f3e5d0cca8ac99084c5cf06e (diff)
downloadleg-kernel-602b8593d2b4138c10e922eeaafe306f6b51817b.tar.gz
ipc,sem: fix use after free on IPC_RMID after a task using same semaphore set exits
The current semaphore code allows a potential use after free: in exit_sem we may free the task's sem_undo_list while there is still another task looping through the same semaphore set and cleaning the sem_undo list at freeary function (the task called IPC_RMID for the same semaphore set). For example, with a test program [1] running which keeps forking a lot of processes (which then do a semop call with SEM_UNDO flag), and with the parent right after removing the semaphore set with IPC_RMID, and a kernel built with CONFIG_SLAB, CONFIG_SLAB_DEBUG and CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK, you can easily see something like the following in the kernel log: Slab corruption (Not tainted): kmalloc-64 start=ffff88003b45c1c0, len=64 000: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 00 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b kkkkkkkk.kkkkkkk 010: ff ff ff ff 6b 6b 6b 6b ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ....kkkk........ Prev obj: start=ffff88003b45c180, len=64 000: 00 00 00 00 ad 4e ad de ff ff ff ff 5a 5a 5a 5a .....N......ZZZZ 010: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff c0 fb 01 37 00 88 ff ff ...........7.... Next obj: start=ffff88003b45c200, len=64 000: 00 00 00 00 ad 4e ad de ff ff ff ff 5a 5a 5a 5a .....N......ZZZZ 010: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff 68 29 a7 3c 00 88 ff ff ........h).<.... BUG: spinlock wrong CPU on CPU#2, test/18028 general protection fault: 0000 [#1] SMP Modules linked in: 8021q mrp garp stp llc nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 ip6t_REJECT nf_reject_ipv6 nf_conntrack_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv6 xt_state nf_conntrack ip6table_filter ip6_tables binfmt_misc ppdev input_leds joydev parport_pc parport floppy serio_raw virtio_balloon virtio_rng virtio_console virtio_net iosf_mbi crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul ghash_clmulni_intel pcspkr qxl ttm drm_kms_helper drm snd_hda_codec_generic i2c_piix4 snd_hda_intel snd_hda_codec snd_hda_core snd_hwdep snd_seq snd_seq_device snd_pcm snd_timer snd soundcore crc32c_intel virtio_pci virtio_ring virtio pata_acpi ata_generic [last unloaded: speedstep_lib] CPU: 2 PID: 18028 Comm: test Not tainted 4.2.0-rc5+ #1 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.8.1-20150318_183358- 04/01/2014 RIP: spin_dump+0x53/0xc0 Call Trace: spin_bug+0x30/0x40 do_raw_spin_unlock+0x71/0xa0 _raw_spin_unlock+0xe/0x10 freeary+0x82/0x2a0 ? _raw_spin_lock+0xe/0x10 semctl_down.clone.0+0xce/0x160 ? __do_page_fault+0x19a/0x430 ? __audit_syscall_entry+0xa8/0x100 SyS_semctl+0x236/0x2c0 ? syscall_trace_leave+0xde/0x130 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x71 Code: 8b 80 88 03 00 00 48 8d 88 60 05 00 00 48 c7 c7 a0 2c a4 81 31 c0 65 8b 15 eb 40 f3 7e e8 08 31 68 00 4d 85 e4 44 8b 4b 08 74 5e <45> 8b 84 24 88 03 00 00 49 8d 8c 24 60 05 00 00 8b 53 04 48 89 RIP [<ffffffff810d6053>] spin_dump+0x53/0xc0 RSP <ffff88003750fd68> ---[ end trace 783ebb76612867a0 ]--- NMI watchdog: BUG: soft lockup - CPU#3 stuck for 22s! [test:18053] Modules linked in: 8021q mrp garp stp llc nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 ip6t_REJECT nf_reject_ipv6 nf_conntrack_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv6 xt_state nf_conntrack ip6table_filter ip6_tables binfmt_misc ppdev input_leds joydev parport_pc parport floppy serio_raw virtio_balloon virtio_rng virtio_console virtio_net iosf_mbi crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul ghash_clmulni_intel pcspkr qxl ttm drm_kms_helper drm snd_hda_codec_generic i2c_piix4 snd_hda_intel snd_hda_codec snd_hda_core snd_hwdep snd_seq snd_seq_device snd_pcm snd_timer snd soundcore crc32c_intel virtio_pci virtio_ring virtio pata_acpi ata_generic [last unloaded: speedstep_lib] CPU: 3 PID: 18053 Comm: test Tainted: G D 4.2.0-rc5+ #1 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.8.1-20150318_183358- 04/01/2014 RIP: native_read_tsc+0x0/0x20 Call Trace: ? delay_tsc+0x40/0x70 __delay+0xf/0x20 do_raw_spin_lock+0x96/0x140 _raw_spin_lock+0xe/0x10 sem_lock_and_putref+0x11/0x70 SYSC_semtimedop+0x7bf/0x960 ? handle_mm_fault+0xbf6/0x1880 ? dequeue_task_fair+0x79/0x4a0 ? __do_page_fault+0x19a/0x430 ? kfree_debugcheck+0x16/0x40 ? __do_page_fault+0x19a/0x430 ? __audit_syscall_entry+0xa8/0x100 ? do_audit_syscall_entry+0x66/0x70 ? syscall_trace_enter_phase1+0x139/0x160 SyS_semtimedop+0xe/0x10 SyS_semop+0x10/0x20 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x71 Code: 47 10 83 e8 01 85 c0 89 47 10 75 08 65 48 89 3d 1f 74 ff 7e c9 c3 0f 1f 44 00 00 55 48 89 e5 e8 87 17 04 00 66 90 c9 c3 0f 1f 00 <55> 48 89 e5 0f 31 89 c1 48 89 d0 48 c1 e0 20 89 c9 48 09 c8 c9 Kernel panic - not syncing: softlockup: hung tasks I wasn't able to trigger any badness on a recent kernel without the proper config debugs enabled, however I have softlockup reports on some kernel versions, in the semaphore code, which are similar as above (the scenario is seen on some servers running IBM DB2 which uses semaphore syscalls). The patch here fixes the race against freeary, by acquiring or waiting on the sem_undo_list lock as necessary (exit_sem can race with freeary, while freeary sets un->semid to -1 and removes the same sem_undo from list_proc or when it removes the last sem_undo). After the patch I'm unable to reproduce the problem using the test case [1]. [1] Test case used below: #include <stdio.h> #include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/ipc.h> #include <sys/sem.h> #include <sys/wait.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <time.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <errno.h> #define NSEM 1 #define NSET 5 int sid[NSET]; void thread() { struct sembuf op; int s; uid_t pid = getuid(); s = rand() % NSET; op.sem_num = pid % NSEM; op.sem_op = 1; op.sem_flg = SEM_UNDO; semop(sid[s], &op, 1); exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); } void create_set() { int i, j; pid_t p; union { int val; struct semid_ds *buf; unsigned short int *array; struct seminfo *__buf; } un; /* Create and initialize semaphore set */ for (i = 0; i < NSET; i++) { sid[i] = semget(IPC_PRIVATE , NSEM, 0644 | IPC_CREAT); if (sid[i] < 0) { perror("semget"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } } un.val = 0; for (i = 0; i < NSET; i++) { for (j = 0; j < NSEM; j++) { if (semctl(sid[i], j, SETVAL, un) < 0) perror("semctl"); } } /* Launch threads that operate on semaphore set */ for (i = 0; i < NSEM * NSET * NSET; i++) { p = fork(); if (p < 0) perror("fork"); if (p == 0) thread(); } /* Free semaphore set */ for (i = 0; i < NSET; i++) { if (semctl(sid[i], NSEM, IPC_RMID)) perror("IPC_RMID"); } /* Wait for forked processes to exit */ while (wait(NULL)) { if (errno == ECHILD) break; }; } int main(int argc, char **argv) { pid_t p; srand(time(NULL)); while (1) { p = fork(); if (p < 0) { perror("fork"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } if (p == 0) { create_set(); goto end; } /* Wait for forked processes to exit */ while (wait(NULL)) { if (errno == ECHILD) break; }; } end: return 0; } [akpm@linux-foundation.org: use normal comment layout] Signed-off-by: Herton R. Krzesinski <herton@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> CC: Aristeu Rozanski <aris@redhat.com> Cc: David Jeffery <djeffery@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'ipc')
-rw-r--r--ipc/sem.c23
1 files changed, 17 insertions, 6 deletions
diff --git a/ipc/sem.c b/ipc/sem.c
index bc3d530cb23e..a37aaeb02561 100644
--- a/ipc/sem.c
+++ b/ipc/sem.c
@@ -2074,17 +2074,28 @@ void exit_sem(struct task_struct *tsk)
rcu_read_lock();
un = list_entry_rcu(ulp->list_proc.next,
struct sem_undo, list_proc);
- if (&un->list_proc == &ulp->list_proc)
- semid = -1;
- else
- semid = un->semid;
+ if (&un->list_proc == &ulp->list_proc) {
+ /*
+ * We must wait for freeary() before freeing this ulp,
+ * in case we raced with last sem_undo. There is a small
+ * possibility where we exit while freeary() didn't
+ * finish unlocking sem_undo_list.
+ */
+ spin_unlock_wait(&ulp->lock);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ break;
+ }
+ spin_lock(&ulp->lock);
+ semid = un->semid;
+ spin_unlock(&ulp->lock);
+ /* exit_sem raced with IPC_RMID, nothing to do */
if (semid == -1) {
rcu_read_unlock();
- break;
+ continue;
}
- sma = sem_obtain_object_check(tsk->nsproxy->ipc_ns, un->semid);
+ sma = sem_obtain_object_check(tsk->nsproxy->ipc_ns, semid);
/* exit_sem raced with IPC_RMID, nothing to do */
if (IS_ERR(sma)) {
rcu_read_unlock();