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authorTetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>2017-06-02 14:46:31 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2017-06-02 15:07:37 -0700
commitc288983dddf714216428774e022ad78f48dd8cb1 (patch)
treef35303093285e0c29377a4df06e222e9e50c3685
parentff5a20169b98d84ad8d7f99f27c5ebbb008204d6 (diff)
downloadleg-kernel-c288983dddf714216428774e022ad78f48dd8cb1.tar.gz
mm/page_alloc.c: make sure OOM victim can try allocations with no watermarks once
Roman Gushchin has reported that the OOM killer can trivially selects next OOM victim when a thread doing memory allocation from page fault path was selected as first OOM victim. allocate invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0x14280ca(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE|__GFP_ZERO), nodemask=(null), order=0, oom_score_adj=0 allocate cpuset=/ mems_allowed=0 CPU: 1 PID: 492 Comm: allocate Not tainted 4.12.0-rc1-mm1+ #181 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Ubuntu-1.8.2-1ubuntu1 04/01/2014 Call Trace: oom_kill_process+0x219/0x3e0 out_of_memory+0x11d/0x480 __alloc_pages_slowpath+0xc84/0xd40 __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x245/0x260 alloc_pages_vma+0xa2/0x270 __handle_mm_fault+0xca9/0x10c0 handle_mm_fault+0xf3/0x210 __do_page_fault+0x240/0x4e0 trace_do_page_fault+0x37/0xe0 do_async_page_fault+0x19/0x70 async_page_fault+0x28/0x30 ... Out of memory: Kill process 492 (allocate) score 899 or sacrifice child Killed process 492 (allocate) total-vm:2052368kB, anon-rss:1894576kB, file-rss:4kB, shmem-rss:0kB allocate: page allocation failure: order:0, mode:0x14280ca(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE|__GFP_ZERO), nodemask=(null) allocate cpuset=/ mems_allowed=0 CPU: 1 PID: 492 Comm: allocate Not tainted 4.12.0-rc1-mm1+ #181 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Ubuntu-1.8.2-1ubuntu1 04/01/2014 Call Trace: __alloc_pages_slowpath+0xd32/0xd40 __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x245/0x260 alloc_pages_vma+0xa2/0x270 __handle_mm_fault+0xca9/0x10c0 handle_mm_fault+0xf3/0x210 __do_page_fault+0x240/0x4e0 trace_do_page_fault+0x37/0xe0 do_async_page_fault+0x19/0x70 async_page_fault+0x28/0x30 ... oom_reaper: reaped process 492 (allocate), now anon-rss:0kB, file-rss:0kB, shmem-rss:0kB ... allocate invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0x0(), nodemask=(null), order=0, oom_score_adj=0 allocate cpuset=/ mems_allowed=0 CPU: 1 PID: 492 Comm: allocate Not tainted 4.12.0-rc1-mm1+ #181 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Ubuntu-1.8.2-1ubuntu1 04/01/2014 Call Trace: oom_kill_process+0x219/0x3e0 out_of_memory+0x11d/0x480 pagefault_out_of_memory+0x68/0x80 mm_fault_error+0x8f/0x190 ? handle_mm_fault+0xf3/0x210 __do_page_fault+0x4b2/0x4e0 trace_do_page_fault+0x37/0xe0 do_async_page_fault+0x19/0x70 async_page_fault+0x28/0x30 ... Out of memory: Kill process 233 (firewalld) score 10 or sacrifice child Killed process 233 (firewalld) total-vm:246076kB, anon-rss:20956kB, file-rss:0kB, shmem-rss:0kB There is a race window that the OOM reaper completes reclaiming the first victim's memory while nothing but mutex_trylock() prevents the first victim from calling out_of_memory() from pagefault_out_of_memory() after memory allocation for page fault path failed due to being selected as an OOM victim. This is a side effect of commit 9a67f6488eca926f ("mm: consolidate GFP_NOFAIL checks in the allocator slowpath") because that commit silently changed the behavior from /* Avoid allocations with no watermarks from looping endlessly */ to /* * Give up allocations without trying memory reserves if selected * as an OOM victim */ in __alloc_pages_slowpath() by moving the location to check TIF_MEMDIE flag. I have noticed this change but I didn't post a patch because I thought it is an acceptable change other than noise by warn_alloc() because !__GFP_NOFAIL allocations are allowed to fail. But we overlooked that failing memory allocation from page fault path makes difference due to the race window explained above. While it might be possible to add a check to pagefault_out_of_memory() that prevents the first victim from calling out_of_memory() or remove out_of_memory() from pagefault_out_of_memory(), changing pagefault_out_of_memory() does not suppress noise by warn_alloc() when allocating thread was selected as an OOM victim. There is little point with printing similar backtraces and memory information from both out_of_memory() and warn_alloc(). Instead, if we guarantee that current thread can try allocations with no watermarks once when current thread looping inside __alloc_pages_slowpath() was selected as an OOM victim, we can follow "who can use memory reserves" rules and suppress noise by warn_alloc() and prevent memory allocations from page fault path from calling pagefault_out_of_memory(). If we take the comment literally, this patch would do - if (test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMDIE)) - goto nopage; + if (alloc_flags == ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS || (gfp_mask & __GFP_NOMEMALLOC)) + goto nopage; because gfp_pfmemalloc_allowed() returns false if __GFP_NOMEMALLOC is given. But if I recall correctly (I couldn't find the message), the condition is meant to apply to only OOM victims despite the comment. Therefore, this patch preserves TIF_MEMDIE check. Fixes: 9a67f6488eca926f ("mm: consolidate GFP_NOFAIL checks in the allocator slowpath") Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/201705192112.IAF69238.OQOHSJLFOFFMtV@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp Signed-off-by: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp> Reported-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com> Tested-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com> Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [4.11] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--mm/page_alloc.c4
1 files changed, 3 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index f9e450c6b6e4..b7a6f583a373 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -3870,7 +3870,9 @@ retry:
goto got_pg;
/* Avoid allocations with no watermarks from looping endlessly */
- if (test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMDIE))
+ if (test_thread_flag(TIF_MEMDIE) &&
+ (alloc_flags == ALLOC_NO_WATERMARKS ||
+ (gfp_mask & __GFP_NOMEMALLOC)))
goto nopage;
/* Retry as long as the OOM killer is making progress */